The most unusual and eerie monuments to the victims of human hate
Just recently, the world shook photos Turkish memorial dedicated to the memory of the women killed their husbands. 440 pairs of women's shoes to symbolize the number of deaths from domestic violence recorded in the country during the year. This monument to human cruelty one of many in the world dedicated to the innocent victims. We want to show you the worst of them.
Another memorial, the author of which used the shoes. 60 pairs men's, women's and children's shoes and boots, cast in bronze, discordant next to the embankment of the Danube in the Hungarian capital Budapest. Shoes recalls the Holocaust in this place in the year 1944-1945, the members of the Hungarian Nazi party arrow cross loaded on a barge to kill Jews.
Before you shoot the unfortunate and to relieve the barges in the Danube, the Nazis forced them to leave behind their shoes, which they could then sell. The monument, which was written by Director Ken Togay and sculptor Gyula Pauer established in 2005.
This monument perpetuates the memory of the victims of one of the most horrible Nazi crimes in the territory of the Czech Republic. June 9, 1942, German gendarmes surrounded the mining town of Lidice, located in 20 km from Prague, and drove all its inhabitants to the main square. All men from the age of 15, were shot and women sent to concentration camp ravensbrück. The village was burned to the ground.
98 children of the village of Lidice were taken out of the city, where they selected 13 for "Germanization". The rest were sent to the death camp near the town of Chelmno, where 82 children were immediately murdered in the gas chamber. 42 girls and 40 boys, cast in bronze under the project of artist Maria Uchytilova, look at the place where Lidice.
This massive memorial located in Berlin, is the most visited monument of the Holocaust in Europe. It looks like many rectangular tombs, but in fact it is columns, forming neat rows with narrow dark passages.
The author of the memorial — the deconstructivist Peter Eisenman, and it was built in 2005. Eisenman argues that neither number of columns nor their location there is no hidden meaning — the purpose of the monument, to show visitors the feeling of loss and despair of people doomed to death.
This monument is also located in the capital of Germany. The memorial to the homosexuals is a parallelepiped with a height of 4 meters, which is a small window. Everyone is looking at him can see a short film directed by Thomas Vinterberg.
Near the monument is an explanatory plaque in English and German languages, which briefly describes the history of the Nazi persecution of people with different sexual orientation. The text also focuses on the fact that even after the fall of the Third Reich homosexuals were persecuted under paragraph 175 of the German Criminal code, which abolished only in 1994.
All the monuments about which we spoke, made of bronze or concrete. But there are memorials created from less durable materials, but equally impressive. These include the memorial of the Brazilian sculptor Nele Azevedo ice. Woman sculptor creates a 20-cm human figures and places them in different cities around the world, in memory of the victims of wars and various disasters.
The first of 400 figures appeared in Paris on the steps of the Opera Garnier in 2005, then more than 500 — in German Braunschweig on Burgplatz square in 2006. In Porto in 2006 they were set to 1000, in Florence in 2008 on the area of the most Holy Annunciation — 1200. Most of them appeared on the steps of Chamberlain square in Birmingham — more than 5,000, in memory of the victims of the First world war.
Keywords: Genocide | Homosexuals | Jews | Nazism | A monument to the Holocaust