For that, the last master of the knights Templar cursed the king of France, and how the curse has come truePictolic
On January 21 1793, the French revolutionaries beheaded king Louis XVI of the Bourbon. Someone in the crowd shouted that the master of the knights Templar Jacques de Molay is avenged. Parisians decided that the curse that the Templar has imposed on the French kings in the distant XIV century finally came true.
In 1119 by a group of French knights participating in the First Crusade established the Order of poor knights of the temple in Jerusalem, the first master of which was Hugh de Payne. Brothers guarded the pilgrims and owned lands and castles in Israel, Syria and Europe. Residence order was in al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem on the Temple mount.
The al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem on the Temple mount
The mosque they called the Temple of Solomon, and the Templars in the French Templars. In 1291, the Egyptian Mamluks expelled the Christians from the Holy land and the order moved to Europe, where he retired from military Affairs and switched to Finance.
Symbols of the Templars was a red cross on a white background
To the XIV century, the knights Templar became a wealthy creditor in the debtors which there were European monarchs and the Pope himself. Their residence was in Germany, England, Spain, Portugal, Cyprus, and the center of the order were concentrated in the Paris castle of the temple. The number of brothers reached 30 thousand people. The knights Templar became both a spiritual and secular organization, which stood above the kings and nobles, which could not frighten the government.
To end with the powerful Templars decided the king of France Philip the Beautiful. After an agreement with Pope Clement V, on the morning of 13 October 1307 he ordered the arrests. Thus Philip got a double benefit: it is not necessary to pay the debts of Templar and their possessions were confiscated to the crown and the Church.
The execution of the Templars. Medieval miniature
In prison the brothers were subjected to torture, during which they confessed to blasphemy, bestiality, sodomy, worship of idols and demon Baphomet, which provided their wealth. After the recognition of the Templars were executed or for the rest of life was put behind bars.
Penalty master Jacques de Molay
On the morning of 18 March, 1314 on the Reed bridge in the middle of the river Seine was burned at the stake, the last master of the knights Templar Jacques de Molay. Already on fire, he shouted:
The words of the last master of the Templars was recorded by a French chronicler, contemporary of those events godefroid of Paris.
Painting by Alfredo Roque Gameiro "Departure of Vasco da Gama to India." On the sails of Portuguese ships depict Templar crosses
However, not everywhere on the knights Templar persecution. In Spain, the Templars created the order of Calatrava, Alcantara, Santiago of the Sword and moved into it. Also occurred in Portugal, where they were transformed into the order of Christ. Did not arrest the Templars in Germany. In many regions of Europe the brothers were arrested, but were acquitted and released.
Surprisingly, the curse of the executed master came true. In April, 1314 Pope Clement in terrible agony died from inflammation of the intestines. November 29 Philip the fair seized the paralysis, he fell from his horse and died from her hooves.
King Philip The Beautiful. Miniature of the Big French Chronicles. XV.
Three sons of the king was alternately ruled by France for a short time and mediocre. After a military campaign senior Louis X the Quarrelsome at the age of 27 years died of a fever. On the throne, he spent 2 years. The middle brother Philip V rules Long six years and also died. It is time the younger of the sons of the "cursed king" — Charles IV the fair. He also wore the crown for 6 years and died from the disease.
Battle of the hundred years war
Carl is the senior Capetian dynasty ended and power passed to younger branches of the Royal family of the Valois first, and then the Bourbons. The death of the children of Philip the fair instigated the hundred years ' war between France and England. Ironically, the last refuge of the French Bourbon king Louis XVI, deposed the great revolution, will be the castle temple, the Paris residence of the knights Templar.
The execution of Louis XVI in Paris
Louis revolutionaries beheaded by the guillotine. By the time of the execution of the monarch will be called citizen Louis Capet. The curse of Jacques de MOLLE, who has not acknowledged guilt and repented before death, it has happened.