Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Categories: Culture | History | Science | Technology

On February 11, 1800, William Henry Fox Talbot was born in Wiltshire, Great Britain, a physicist and chemist, and it is to him that we owe the existence of photography (and photographers!). Talbot invented the negative-positive process - a method of producing a negative image from which an unlimited number of positive copies can be obtained. Talbot is also famous for his first photographs of Oxford and Paris.

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

In 1835, Talbot created the first negative using paper impregnated with silver nitrate and a salt solution. He photographed the inside of his library window with a camera with an optical lens only 8 centimeters in size.

In 1840, an inventor discovered a way to create a positive copy on salt paper from a paper negative. The technology made it possible to copy photographs; positives were printed on similar paper. Talbot called it calotype. The previously used daguerreotype made it possible to obtain only one, positive image at once.

In 1841, the scientist patented a negative-positive method of creating photographs. He photographed with silver iodine paper, developed with silver nitrate, and fixed with sodium thiosulfate. After fixing, the inventor dipped the negative into a container of wax, which made the picture transparent, and then placed the transparent negative on iodine-silver paper, exposed it, and obtained a positive photograph.

In 1844, William Talbot published a book of photographic illustrations called The Pencil of Nature.

Photos of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

Negative and positive, no alternatives - 15 first photographs of William Talbot

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