Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

These pictures, formed in the image self-confident "new woman" of the 1920-ies, which belonged to herself. Mariana Breslauer dreamed of becoming a photographer, but her work suggests that the artistic position of the author is entrenched between radical realism, "New vision," a cinematic image of staged pictures and a subjective report.

Mariana Breslauer filmed at a time when photography went from status salon of art to radically new artistic medium. "I was interested in reality, rather insignificant reality, a reality that most people overlooked," – said Breslauer.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Breslauer Marianne (Marianne Breslauer) belonged to a generation of women photographers who have used the freedom provided by the Weimar Republic. Was born in 1909 in Berlin in the family of an architect. First took photography lessons in his native town and admired the then well-known portrait photographer Frieda Riess, although in the future I saw myself as a photojournalist. In 1929, Breslauer went to Paris, where he briefly became a student of man ray. She was hoping to work with him, but the famous surrealist encouraged the young photographer to go their own way.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mariana Breslauer, a self-portrait.

Following the guidance of ray, she explored the enchanting French capital. She was interested in the life of hobos on the banks of the Seine, and the exclusive atmosphere of the race in Longchamp and trade vanity. Like many young people of her time, Breslauer admired the work of andré Kertész and Brassaï, and at the same time, she was attracted to the artistic trends of the movement "New vision."

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Schoolgirl, Girona, 1933.

A year later, Breslauer started to work in Berlin Ullstein photo Studio, mastered the skills of printing, and by 1934, her pictures published in many leading journals (Frankfurter Illustrierten, Der Querschnitt, Die Dame, and Das Zürcher Illustrierten Magazin). Career has prevented the growing anti-Semitic sentiments. Because of the Jewish origin of the editors suggested Breslauer published under a pseudonym, but she refused and left Germany. Although the "school Girl" won in the nomination "Photo of the year" at the "Salon international d'art photographique" in Paris in 1934.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Paris, 1937.

Since the early 1930-ies Mariana Breslauer traveled to many European countries and the Middle East. In some trips she was accompanied by friends. In Spain, she went with Annemarie Schwarzenbach, the writer of which Breslauer again and again photographed. Until 1937, Breslauer remained active in shooting fashion, advertising, travel, urban life and portraits.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Christmas market, Berlin, 1930.

In 1936, Breslauer emigrated to Amsterdam. There she married an art dealer, with whom he moved to Zurich. In Switzerland he lived until his death (2001), never returned to photography. Mariana Breslauer the most extensive photographic heritage, career as a photographer spans the years 1927-1938. But her work is a vivid example of not losing the freshness of the "new photography." Today, her work can be found in the authoritative collections.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

In Berlin, 1932.

When in an interview she was asked what makes a good shot, she did not hesitate, replied: "Neither technical perfection, nor a dramatic story are not critical; value is the strength of the image, expression – the mystery of the captured moment."

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach (left) with a friend in Potsdam in 1934.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach with their car and the shepherd in the Pyrenees, 1933.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach, Berlin, 1932.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach with her dog in 1932.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Fisherman on the Seine, 1929.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Paris, 1929.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Pamplona, 1933.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Berlin, 1930.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Paul Citroen, Berlin, 1917.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach in his car and Gypsy children in the Pyrenees, 1933.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Annemarie Schwarzenbach crosses the Eiffel bridge over the Onyar river in Girona, 1933.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Ruth von Morgen, Berlin, 1934.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Djemila, Jerusalem, 1931.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

1931.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mod Thyssen.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Working girl at leisure, Berlin, 1933.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Working girl at leisure, Berlin, 1933.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Working girl at leisure, Berlin, 1933.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Working girl at leisure, Berlin, 1933.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Alexandria, 1931.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mariana Breslauer, 1930s Photographer Erwin Blumenfeld.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Berlin, 1927.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Lisa von Kramm, Berlin, 1934.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Paul Citroen and Dr. Gauss, Paris, 1929.

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Mariana Breslauer and its avant-garde photography of the stunning emancipation

Keywords: 20th | 20th century | 30s | Female photographer | B/W | Black and white photography

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