10 most famous trends in the visual artsVika
Today in the world there are many different styles of fine art. But did you know that some of these styles are closely related to others, or even emerged as a kind of art protest? Here are some interesting facts about common art styles.
Painting - "The Harvesters", Jean-Francois Millet
Realism is a genre of art that emerged in France shortly after the French Revolution of 1848. He, in contrast to the then-dominant romanticism, was devoid of excessive emotional coloring and as accurately as possible reflected reality. The main subjects for paintings in this style were natural landscapes and people in their daily work.
Painting - "Water Lilies", Claude Monet.
This style also spread for the first time among French artists. In, unlike other areas, he assumed work in the open air, and not in the studio. The main characteristic features of painting in the style of impressionism are the transfer of movement and light on the canvas, as the artist sees them.
Painting - "Starry Night" by Vincent Van Gogh.
Post-imperialism developed between 1886 and 1905 as a continuation of the imperialist style. This movement brought together artists who sought to go beyond the limitations of the previous style.
Painting - "Maidens of Avignon" by Pablo Picasso.
Cubism is one of the most important art movements of the 20th century, bringing a real revolution to the art world. This direction was invented by the artists Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso in the early 1900s. Characteristic features of Cubism are geometric shapes, the use of abstractions and the desire to simplify.
Painting "Persistence of Memory" by Salvador Dali.
The avant-garde movement, which began in the 1920s, was based on the idea of using subconscious images for creativity. Surrealism is characterized by the separation of objects from their simple meaning in order to create a strong image outside the usual state of forms.
6. Abstract expressionism.
Painting "Autumn Rhythm", Jackson Pollock.
An American art movement that began after World War II. It was thanks to this direction that New York gradually became an international center for the visual arts, along with Paris. Expressionist artists, when creating their paintings, use the subjective distortion of reality to better convey emotional experiences.
7. Pop art.
This post-war style originated in the UK and America, evolving from advertising images and comics. Pop art is believed to have originated as a reaction to the dominant ideas of abstract expressionism at the time. Andy Warhol is considered one of the most famous representatives of this trend.
Kinetic art is a modern trend in which the effects of real movement are played out. Also, living light plays a huge role in this style. In fact, kineticism as an idea began to emerge back in the era of impressionism, when artists tried to express movement on their canvases.
A painting movement that emerged in the United States in the late 1960s. The essence of photorealism is the most accurate and realistic reproduction of images from photographs on canvas.
10. Pop surrealism.
A trend in contemporary art that emerged in the late 1970s in Los Angeles. Pop surrealism represents a rebellion against the constraints imposed by the social institutions of society.