25 ancient human creationsBy Pictolic https://pictolic.com/article/25-ancient-human-creations.html
It's amazing how mankind has progressed over the last century, decades or even years. Science is advancing faster than ever, new inventions are created every day, and we only think about what awaits us tomorrow.
But sometimes it is interesting to refer to the achievements of the past, when opportunities were limited, but the talented artists that didn't stop. Here are a few amazing artifacts that have survived to the present day and still fascinate people
This armor, which was nicknamed "the Armor of Hercules", produced in the mid-16th century for the Duke (and later Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire) Maximilian II.
Armor decorated with patterns and mythological motifs. They were manufactured in France, and judging by the exquisite details, and they were not intended for military action, and had to mark a high position at the court of Maximilian.
This gold ring, decorated with figure of a cat with semiprecious stone carnelian, at least 2,700 years.
On the inside of the ring, under the figure of a cat, cut symbol Uadzhet, also known as the eye of Horus, a powerful protective amulet.
This palette is carved from a single piece of ivory. It is still preserved pigments of blue, green, brown, yellow, red and black paint, though it did about the 1390-1352 BC.
The palette also decorate the hieroglyphs with the name of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and the phrase "beloved of RA".
This stunning ring galalith, that is made from a single piece of stone, in this case made of sapphire.
It is believed that it belonged to Roman Emperor Caligula, who reigned from 37 to 41 A. D., and the woman engraved on the ring Cetonia, fourth and last wife of the Emperor. The ring is put up for sale in 2019 and, although not reported, who became its owner and at what price, there are rumors that it had sold approximately $ 600,000.
Scientists believe that this globe is made around 1510, making it the most ancient map depicting the New world. The map carved on ostrich egg is the size of a grapefruit, which is extremely unusual, because such cards are usually slaughtered for veal leather, seal skin, or the tree.
It is possible that the map was done for a noble Italian family, and there is a perception that it is somehow connected with Leonardo da Vinci, as was done in Florence, and it depicts the ship, similar to those associated with the drawing of da Vinci the artist. It is possible that the author of the globe or were inspired by da Vinci, or working in his Studio.
Fashion shoes worn not only by the Romans. During the excavation of ancient tombs in the Altai mountains, archaeologists discovered an even more ancient pair of shoes, which is well preserved.
This stylish footwear was worn by Scythian woman about the 300-290 BC. The shoes are made of leather, cloth, tin, and gold. It is well preserved due to the low temperature in this region and the frozen ground.
The temple of Hathor is one of the most well-preserved in Egypt and the main temple complex Dandara.
It is amazing, but the colors are still bright, although once everything inside was covered in soot. What surprised me most was how well preserved all of the patterns, because the Church for over 2,000 years. It was built under Queen Cleopatra VII from about 54 to 20 BC.
Bridge Arcadia in Greece more than 3 300 years, making it one of the oldest to date — and it's used so far!
Once he combined two Greek city bronze age Tiryns and Epidauros. The bridge has a length of 22 meters built of cyclopean masonry of limestone boulders, smaller stones and small pieces of tile, tightly folded without the use of mortar — a typical masonry for the Mycenaean architecture.
"Christ, under the shroud" — one of the most famous works of art in the world. Young Neapolitan sculptor Giuseppe Sanmartino it was created in 1753.
The most outstanding piece of sculpture is a veil which appears transparent, but also made of stone. It looks so realistic that for a long time, there was a legend that once the veil was real and eventually turned to stone by chemical process. It was studied by the experts and confirmed that the sculpture is made of marble.
In English and German culture Death are as a man, and in French and Italian as a woman.
The sculptor of the XVI century Hans Leinberger presented Death as a skeleton — the personification of what happens to a person after his death. In one hand the figure holds arrows in the other with a bow. The statue is carved from a single piece of pear wood, which testifies to the extraordinary abilities of the master.
Let suspiciously familiar design you do not mind: this stylish Shoe really did in the first centuries of our era.
He was discovered at the bottom of the well in the Roman castle Saalburg, Germany. Women's shoes of that time were decorated with embroidery, patterns and lace, which indicated not only about the talent of the master, but also on the status and wealth of the owner.
In October, this lovely clock will be 611 years old, making them the third-oldest astronomical clock in the world, but the oldest of those that are still working.
The watch is fully mechanical and indicate the relative position of the Sun, moon, zodiacal constellations, and sometimes other planets. Of course, they also show the time and date. Every hour is a mini-presentation: Death turns the hourglass, then there are the figures of the 12 apostles and bow to the audience. View completes the cry of a crow and the chiming clock.
In Prague there is a belief that if something happens with the clock, the figure of Death as a skeleton nod his head, and Prague grief. Because of this legend Prague residents willingly gave the tree on repair of hours, when they have suffered in 1945 during the war, although at that time the country was a great shortage of this material.
In the small French town of Vaison-La-Romaine found a piece of Roman clay tiles with a trace of a small child.
Obviously, the child stepped on the tile when she was drying, indicating that the children's curiosity for at least 2,000 years.
The tomb of Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun was discovered in 1922.
On the opening told the whole world, because the tomb is well preserved and was full of treasures such as jewelry, statues, a chariot, weapons, clothing — all lay untouched for more than 3 000 years. You know what else was left untouched? The seal on the door of the tomb. This rope was protecting the tomb of the Pharaoh three thousand years until it broke in the last century.
Knowledge can be not only strength, but also weapons. Custom made for Francesco Morosini, Duke of Venice, who lived in 1619-1694 years, have produced an amazing gun-a prayer book.
The mechanism was designed so that the books could be fired only when it was closed. Rather, it is an unusual weapon used for self-defense.
Mosaic in the photo above was discovered in the "House of the tragic poet" in Pompeii that dates from approximately the 2nd century BC.
The image of a dog signed with the phrase "cave canem", which in Latin means "beware of the dog". Modern signs on the fences far from this masterpiece!
This unique dagger that may have used in esoteric rituals, sold at auction for € 4700.
The item description says that long bronze knife was made in France in the 19th century. The handle depicts Death with a snake in the legs. The blade is also rich in detail: it is engraved with floral patterns, and also you can see a snake, eagle and owl. Floral patterns are also repeated in brass details, wooden scabbard, which were sold together with a dagger.
This ancient sword belonged to Gozzano, who ruled the Kingdom of Yue in 496 with 465 BC.
The symbols on the sword added in the words "King of Yue" and "made this sword for [his] personal use". The sword was found sheathed, and therefore almost not damaged. The sword is made mostly of copper, but the blade more tin, and it explains why it is still sharp.
Scientists have discovered evidence of the existence of a Roman Villa near Verona nearly a century ago, and only recently it ruins was finally found.
Archaeologists discovered a mosaic of the III century in 2020 on a private vineyard in the town of Negrar di Valpolicella. They believe that this mosaic floor Domus, home of the rich owners. Tiles in perfect condition, colors are still bright, and the pattern is easily discernible. When excavations over, the Villa is open to the public.
It is not known when it was built this wall, but when she was surrounded by the now ruined Palace of the Incas. The stones that make up the wall are twelve, five, six or seven angles, so put them all together was no easy task.
The stones are connected very tight and even now, hundreds of years later, between them it is impossible to insert even a sheet of paper. The construction was supposed to be stable, since this area was prone to earthquakes, and now we can confidently say that the wall has stood the test of time. Dvenadtsatiletny stone even declared a national heritage site in Peru.
Chantilly castle in France, near Paris. Its construction began in the mid-14th century and ended in the late 19th century, since it consists of two parts, which were built one after the other: the Small Castle and the New Castle.
Stairs to the lobby of the New Castle and leads to a small apartment. The castle was destroyed during the revolution, and in the nineteenth century (approximately between 1875 and 1882) brothers Moreau had it rebuilt by the architect honoré House, and this amazing staircase is just his creation.
National Park Tassili of Adger in the Sahara desert is the most important monument of rock art. These caves were found petroglyphs age from four to nine thousand years, and some large animals and even more than 12,000 years.
But one 9000-year-old picture deserves special attention — it depicts a shaman with a head in the form of a wasp. In his hands he holds the mushrooms, which are also rising from his body. Based on this, scientists have suggested that the figure depicts psychedelic effects caused by the consumption of mushrooms.
13-year-old Stav Meir together with his family went in search of mushrooms, but found something far more interesting. He noticed sticking out of the ground stone, which turned out to be the burial plaque of the Byzantine era with an inscription in Greek by the age of about 1500 years.
For this unique discovery, the Israeli authorities have awarded the honorary diploma of the boy. The Israel antiquities authority believes that the stone adorned the tomb of a rich man. On the plate was able to make out only a part of the name is unknown, therefore, belonged to the grave or Anastasia Anastasia.
In the 16th century, gunsmiths thought it would be nice to combine the gun with a sword, a dagger, an axe or even a crossbow to own a gun to protect themselves in case of a sudden the gun will misfire.
But this combo the weapon was difficult to use and impractical. In the photo above depicts a hunting knife, combined with gun calescoves lock. Weapons produced by the German printmaker Ambrose Gemlich, and it consisted of two parts: the blade engraved with a calendar on 1529-34 years and the barrel of a gun, which dates back to 1540 or 1546 year.
This mortar was made in India around 1770-1799 years. Perhaps it was made for Tipu Sultan, who was nicknamed the "Tiger of Mysore" and lived in 1753-1799 years.
However, mortars have not finished, and in its current state it doesn't work, but the core idea was to fly from the mouth of tigers to intimidate the enemy even more.