The whole truth about Bloody mistress: the story of Darya Saltykova, noblewoman of dushegubitsaPictolic
Bloody lady, the dragon lady, the Noblewoman torturous... I heard it all, Daria Saltykov, creepy ways tortured to death dozens of peasants. The TV series "Bloody lady" from the channel "Russia 1" tells the story of the first known serial killers in Russia, a landowner Daria Saltykov, brutally killed about a hundred of his peasants. As per the documents of the XVIII century about this lady was only a sentence (Catherine II ordered to destroy other evidence), the authors of the series were free to think out a way of Saltychikha and her biography. Turned romance with a very metered element of sadism.
And what was the point really? We offer you to recall the life of a real Saltychikha — "freak of the human race". Someone actually loved, hated and killed the legendary landowner.
Once contemporaries and descendants may be called Daria Saltykov, known in history under the name Saltychikha: "black widow" and "black evil", "Satan in a skirt", "noblewoman-sadist", "serial killer", "bloody lady", "Trinity ogress", "the Marquis de Sade in the female form"... Her name for many decades uttered with a shudder, and the Empress Catherine the Great in the verdict of the villain, which she has personally rewritten several times, even avoided calling this woman a monster "she".
Actress Julia Snigir in the image of Saltychikha in the TV series "Bloody lady"
A pious girl from a good family
11 Mar 1730 in the family pillar nobleman Nikolai Ivanov was born a girl, called Daria. Grandfather Daria, Avtonom Ivanov, was an eminent statesman era of Peter the Great and left to their descendants the rich inheritance.
How did real childhood Dashi Saltykova — is not known. According to the version shown in the film, it was unhappy. After the death of his wife Anna Nikolai Ivanov sent his daughter for education in a monastery with the words "possessed by demons".
Francois Hubert Drouet, "Portrait of Countess Darya chernyshovoy-Saltykova", 1762. This portrait was long considered a portrait of Saltychikha
This files most often for portraits Darya Nikolayevna Saltykova took numerous portraits of her namesake and cousin by marriage of Darya Petrovna Saltykova, née Chernysheva, wife of field Marshal Ivan Petrovich Saltykov who was under the age of landowner for 9 years.
Another portrait of authorship Drouet, wrongly recognized for a portrait of Darya Saltykova, in fact, a portrait of the artist's wife
Fedor Lavrov in the image Gleb Saltykov in the TV series "Bloody lady" (real images husband Saltychikha not preserved)
After her husband's death, Daria Saltykova became fabulously rich. The reason also was that of her mother (who, unlike the serial version, was not a maniac-killer) and grandmother lived in a monastery and renounced the family fortune.
So in 26 years, a young mother of two sons, became the sole owner of six hundred peasants in the suburban estates, located on the territory of the village of Mosrentgen and Metropolitan area Teply Stan. Town house Saltychikha was in Moscow at the corner of Bolshaya Lubyanka and Kuznetsky most. Was a lady and distant estates in Vologda and Kostroma provinces.
Widowed Darya Saltykova, of course, interest in the opposite sex is not lost. There is evidence that she turned tricks with a relative of her husband Sergei Saltykov. In the TV series "Bloody lady" he played the role of Pyotr Rykov. I must say that Sergei later became one of the favorites of Catherine II. In addition, some historians suggest that he is the biological father of Paul I.
Saltychikha lover Sergei Saltykov / Pyotr Rykov, in the image of Sergei Saltykov in the TV series "Bloody lady"
The stories of the witnesses, their sadistic tendencies Saltychikha started to show about six months after her husband's death. The film "Bloody lady" shows that the first signs of mental illness appeared from the landowner in early childhood — but historians such evidence was found. However, the Director said that he did not aim to make a historical film, "Bloody lady" is a rather scary story.
Apparently, Daria Saltykova beginning of the "start mind" after the death of a spouse. According to the modern psychiatry, she had epileptic psychopathy — a mental disorder in which a person often have bouts of sadism, and unprovoked aggression.
Augustin Ritt Christians, "Portrait of Countess Darya Petrovna Saltykova", 1794, another portrait supposedly Saltychikha
"Saltychikha", Bee V. N.
Alexandra Ursulyak in the image of Saltychikha in the TV series "Ekaterina. Rise"
Illustration work kurdyumova to the encyclopedic edition of "the Great reform", which depicts the torture of Saltychikha "in soft tones"
Under the hot hand of the landowner once almost hit a famous nobleman. Surveyor Nikolay Tyutchev — the grandfather of the poet Fyodor Tyutchev — a long time was her lover, but then decided to marry another. For which he paid...
Vlad Sokolovsky in the image of Nikolai Tiutchev in the TV series "Bloody lady" (the real portraits of the surveyor has not survived)
So, in the night from 12 to 13 February, she bought gunpowder and sulphur, and sent a groom of the Novel Ivanov to set fire to the house of the former lover. Only demanded to make sure the couple was home and burned alive. The man did not fulfill his orders, fearing to kill the nobleman. For this he was severely beaten. The second time the landowner sent two: Ivanova and a Leontiev. However, this time they did not dare return to Saltychikha. The men were beaten with a whip, but left alive.
The case of the missing souls
On one landowner complaints fell down, but Saltychikha belonged to a famous noble family, members of which also were Governor-generals of Moscow. All cases of atrocities were resolved in her favor. Moreover, often occur, on the contrary, the Complainants returned to the mansion, where they were beaten with whips and sent to Siberia.
Only two farmers, Sam Martynov and Ermolai Ilyin, wives whom brutally murdered Saltychikha, lucky. In 1762, they managed to send a complaint just came to the throne of Catherine II, who decided to use the case sadistic as illustrative of the process. It marked a new era of legitimacy and demonstrated to the Moscow nobility in the willingness of the authorities to fight against abuses in the field.
Catherine II / severe anusauskaite in the image of Catherine II in the series "Bloody lady"
The worst rumor that has spread about the landowner Saltykova — that she drank the blood of young girls was a cannibal. This, they say, was due to the fact that bodies or graves of the majority of souls who were missing, during the investigation, which lasted more than five years to detect and failed. The whole thing was based on the stories of the serfs.
Still from the TV series "Bloody lady"
Numerous influential relatives Darya Saltykova, including the Governor of Moscow and the field Marshal, did all in his power to avoid the death penalty. Nevertheless, the decision of the Empress was harsh. By his decree it decided to continue "to call this monster a man".
In September 1768, Catherine II a few times rewriting the sentence. Four preserved her handwritten draft of the document. In the final Saltychikha was deprived of noble rank and sentenced to life imprisonment in an underground prison with no light and human interaction.
Saltychikha was delivered to the square at the scaffold she was tied with chains to the pillory and read out the Royal paper. And before that, was mercilessly whipped by the executioner, the priest and two handy Darya Saltykova. After a while she was seated in a black carriage and drove to St. John the Baptist monastery. There it was waiting for the "repenters" camera — almost a pit, which did not penetrate even a ray of light. Only when the prisoner brought food, were allowed to light a piece of candle was placed next to the bowl on the table.
Actress Julia Snigir in the image of Saltychikha in the TV series "Bloody lady"
St. John the Baptist monastery, which made Daria Saltykov
Noble Russian nobility shamefully turned a blind eye to the acts of the followers of Saltychikha. For example, the landowner Vera Sokolova in September 1842, beaten to death Amateur girl Nastasya, and in the Tambov province peasants once feared wife of a nobleman koshkarova. This fashionable lady, shining on the balls, adored in his estate to personally whip whip "rough men" and "stupid women". But some Saltykov, the namesake of Saltychikha, for three years was kept in a cage beside the bed of a palatial Barber. However, it is only a few documented cases, how many of them were actually scary to imagine.