How to escape from the ticks? Forewarned is forearmedPictolic
Categories: Health and Medicine
Mite as one of the most ancient groups of arthropods on earth, it would seem, should be studied far and wide, the more often that they are suffering from a lot more people than attacks by large predators. But apparently, as in the case of small dogs that statistically bite more often, people are not inclined to give much importance to the little troubles, which, however, can escalate into big problems.
Complicated still by the fact that species of mites there are more than 40,000, but fortunately all of them have a lot in common that permits the coexistence of man and these small creatures are acceptable. Fill in the blank spots of knowledge in this regard, and to dispel some of the myths about ticks you will help our today's material.
1. Mites are not Marines
On their own none of the tick will not jump at you from the tree, so they usually do not rise above 1.5 metres above the ground. Typically, they fall on the body of a man creeping out of the grass or bushes so quietly that you might not even feel their presence until they begin to get under my skin. Prehensile paws and is imperceptible to the human weight arachnid work for the benefit of his stealth, and the only way to protect yourself is to wear in the woods tight fitting clothes and often examine the probable impact zone. These include the most soft spots on the body: inguinal region behind the ears, and armpits.
2. Not bitten — not so protected
Another myth is that only immediate bites are dangerous to human health. Nothing of the sort! Mites, among which are often carriers of dangerous diseases, bite all life, not just humans. Bitten by a cow, for example, can transmit the disease to a man if her milk is not boiled before consumption. But the only way of infection from person is using the milk of nursing mothers, but not through personal contact. Needless to say that in cases of suspected encephalitis, the mother should immediately stop breast-feeding to refute the diagnosis.
3. A single vaccination is not a panacea
The most effective means of protection against tick — borne encephalitis vaccination, but only if it is a couple of months before the start of the season (usually February) each year. So if you're quietly strolling through the woods, relying on its previous year's vaccine, we have bad news for you.
4. Not a single encephalitis dangerous ticks
But the most dangerous to human encephalitis and Lyme disease, there are many less common diseases carried by ticks. We won't burden you with a long list of unpronounceable names, but trust me, there is reason to fret. All these infections are transmitted directly to the time of the bite through the saliva of arthropod.
Among the worst consequences of encephalitis irreversible paralysis of the arms, blindness, deafness and, for obvious reasons, too irreversible, the death of the patient. The scariest statistics of deaths in Siberia and the far East, where it killed up to 80% bitten, and Europe with his two cent in the safe zone. By the way, moving encephalitis mild, you can count on a lifelong immunity to the disease, but it is a pleasant consolation and charges of serious stress to the body.
5. Lyme disease is an unlucky fortune
On the one hand, the second danger, the disease, carried by ticks, is quite easily treated in the early stages, so that the appearance of high temperature and extensive redness on the site of the bite should immediately consult the doctor. The delay is fraught with paralysis of the facial muscles, pain in joints, problems with hearing, eyesight and normal functioning of the heart. On the other hand, from Lyme disease there is no vaccine, and no acquired immunity after an illness.
6. Forget the vegetable oil!
It is believed that, having found on the body has already got under the skin of the tick, simply pour vegetable oil, he began to choke himself out. Forget this advice as a nightmare, because in this case, the insect will start terribly sick, and it will release more saliva than you would expect, and it was through her there is an infection.
7. Tweezers — your bro
To pull the tick should be with the same composure with which Rambo himself sewed up the wound, and preferably not alone. Rejoice that time found the bastard and ask someone if it's very uncomfortable, to grab the insect with tweezers and gently, without jerks pull it outwards, turning body counterclockwise. Look is pulled out of the tick, and if he literally lost his head and the sting, then, treating the wound, can safely go to the emergency room. If something is missing and you're not sure that you can chisel the remains burnt to heat the needle, your way lies there, but on an emergency basis.
By the way, if you do not have tweezers, you can try to use to loosen the tick from the body of the loop from the thread, but just think over emergency escape route to the nearest medical facility.
8. Pulled the tick — done half the job
If you're sure you pulled the tick has a full set of limbs — the head and odd number of legs (a sting of the tick is indistinguishable from legs), place it in the box and take on the analysis in the SES, where his research on transferable diseases. Himself go on the injection will need to do anyway, and then followed by a series of tests length of a month: 10 days for signs of infection after 14 days for immunoglobulin M to the encephalitis, and a week for immunoglobulin M Lyme disease. We agree that all this long and dreary, but if you don't want to fill up the sad statistics, it is necessary to do so.