How do manholes in new YorkBy Pictolic https://pictolic.com/en/article/how-do-manholes-in-new-york
Probably no surprise the fact that many modern things and objects that surround us are doing in Asia. For example, the sewers of new York city, make in India, 13 thousand miles from Manhattan.
Foundry Shakti Industries in the North of India produces manhole covers for Con Edison and the Department of environmental protection new York, as well as for their fellow in New Orleans and Syracuse.
It all starts from the yard of the small factory where iron ore is stored.
Like many hundreds of years ago, it is actively used manual labor, no lift, or any kind of lifting tools, all just in my head.
Ore is loaded into the oven on the second floor of the shop, where the melted metal on the ground.
Which is poured into molds.
Everything is very simple! Confuses only the absence of any safety standards — all steelmakers are working in almost loincloths, barefoot, and nothing protects you from accidental contact with liquid metal on the skin. If lights up the edge of the cloth covering the body, the employee just puts out the fire with his hand and continues.
The company Con Edison buys a quarter of its manhole covers, approx 2750 per year, in India, where the order of their production. Municipalities and utility companies often buy their manhole covers through intermediaries who contract with foreign foundries; new York buys sewer lids through the company in flushing, Queens.
Manhole covers manufactured in India by 20-60% cheaper than those produced in the United States. Workers foundries in India are paying the equivalent of several dollars a day, while the casters in the United States earn around $ 25 per hour. Despite the fact that they're on the other side of the world, manufacturing and shipping from India to be more profitable than in the United States.
However, members of the Indian factories are happy and this is work and have money. Failed or broken hatches are to be melted...
...or used for another purpose.
If you're in new York, take a break from your smartphone, look down and remember that Luke, you have just crossed was made in a hot Indian shop man in a loincloth.