Francisco Nguema: mad President killer who ate the state TreasuryBy Pictolic https://pictolic.com/en/article/francisco-nguema-mad-president-killer-who-ate-the-state-treasury
Francisco Macias Nguema, who served as the President of Equatorial Guinea, from 1968 to 1979, even among African leaders may be a personality extravagant. Nguema declared himself a God and sage, although difficult to read and does not know how to write. He has forbidden in his country's theatres and museums, organized harassment of people wearing glasses, and the state Treasury was kept under the bed. At the end of his presidential career leader ate the money of the country, because he has not found the strength to part with them.
As a child, Francisco Macias Nguema was not thirst for knowledge and my parents had to put a lot of effort into their offspring began to walk to class. The lessons of the future President played hooky from the first days of school and his education and remained at the level of very weak student elementary school.
As it turned out, the lack of basic literacy is not a reason not to do a brilliant political career in Equatorial Guinea, and proved on the example idiot Nguema. From the beginning of his political activities Nguema was depicted as a fervent supporter of the Spanish colonial authorities and those valued stupid, but a dedicated community activist.
Nguema, not afraid to get in the face, loudly praising the Spaniards at meetings and in the press, arguing that just as a colony of his country can thrive. Repeatedly homegrown stands were bit, but their beliefs have not changed. Such personnel could not throw and Francisco provided an opportunity to take the exam for the post of a civil servant.
The Spaniards were so valued loyalty Nguema that after the four times failed primitive tests, credited him fifth attempt and made it official. After that Francisco was waiting for a fast promotion — in the 36 years he became mayor of his native city, and after 8 years, when Equatorial Guinea ceased to be a colony of Spain, gradually moved to the presidency.
Francisco Macias Nguema inaugurates the administrative building. 1973
In Spain not too mourned the loss of the African colonies, were absolutely sure that the Francisco macías Nguema is an obedient puppet of Madrid. But very soon it turned out that they were wrong and the first President changed the rhetoric immediately after winning the election.
The first thing Ngama announced the Spanish invaders and oppressors and blessed fellow to the repression and massacres. Those Europeans that had not managed to leave the country, began to catch and beat, and sometimes to kill on the streets. After a few months last the Spaniards fled Equatorial Guinea, leaving mansions, plantations and factories.
No less ruthless was the new government and to his people. People were arrested and executed by different fictional reasons, among which the most popular was the oppressive Spaniards. The Cabinet of Ministers in the country is constantly changing. Some of the heads of ministries were replaced by others, but in the resignation of government officials normally go through firing the courtyard of the local prison or the gallows.
Portraits Nguema was everywhere, including on the bills of all denominations and on postage stamps
In the end, all leadership positions in the country, the President gave his numerous relatives, which is also very quickly became disillusioned. Having shot the last of the Minister, Nguema decided that to trust anyone in this life and he took all the Ministerial positions. Now he wrote and argued the laws and can turn on full.
After four years of government, in 1973, Francisco Macias Nguema is a new Constitution, in which he ordered a lifelong credentials. Being the sole master of the country, he did not hesitate to spend money from the state Treasury.
To avoid unnecessary red tape to get money, the President personally led the country's only Bank, and then, when the money in the Treasury there are very few, brought them home and put under the bed in her bedroom. Later Nguema still thought better of it and to protect part of the money, buried half in the bamboo grove. There are bills quickly turned into dust under the action of moisture and insects and the country began economic crisis.
But Nguema though not mastered reading and writing, money could be considered and loved. To refill a leaky budget he began to think of prices on products and they have changed almost daily. The price of bread often depended on the mood of the leader and one day this important product could give for a penny, and in others he turned to the food of the rich.
An additional source of income for Nguema became the hostage-taking of foreign diplomats and tourists, for whom he then demanded a ransom. Equatorial Guinea from disadvantaged countries immediately moved into the category of the most dangerous to the public, but its leader is absolutely not embarrassed.
The President did not forget about such important aspects as religion and education. The country has banned Christianity, and citizens began to gently bring to the fact that of Francisco macías Nguema is the same God that gave people a higher power. Preaching in churches now begins with the words: "God created Equatorial Guinea Masias thanks". A little later the wording was reduced to the statement: "there is No God but Macias".
Francisco Macias Nguema speaks to his people
Particularly given the country's intelligentsia, the problems which the President for well-known reasons to feel could not. He began with the closure of institutions and schools, and ended with the abolition of the schools. The word "intellectual" was prohibited, and a man appeared on the street in sunglasses, risked their lives.
Nguema was fond of saying, "I though he is from people, but not a fool. And they wear glasses over to the workers to mock". This policy came to fruition by the end of the Board, "President of the plow" in the country there are not more than ten people with higher education and those even under torture wouldn't have admitted that I have a degree.
Time the leader of the country to engage and personal life. Wives and mistresses he changed more often than suits and thrown them women received the unenviable status of "former President". Nguema jealously watched over the lives of the poor and ruthlessly executed their new Boyfriends and husbands.
When Equatorial Guinea gained independence, its population consisted of 300 thousand people. During the reign of Francisco macías Nguema it was only the third. The Director of the Bureau of statistics had the courage to tell the Manager about the true state of Affairs, and the President then told to divide it into smaller parts, the "learn to count".
On any appeal to the person the President answered, "All executed," and before you go abroad on an official visit was carried out mass executions of opposition prisoners and simply. According to Nguema, this was to discourage to organize a coup in his absence. The apotheosis was the shutdown of the country's electricity, which became available only to the leader and the narrow circle of his associates.
It lasted until 1979. All was absolutely clear that the President have flipped out, but to confirm that, no one could — in the country was not just doctors. Nguema condition worsened and he almost ceased to come out of his room. He spent his time sitting on a chair and talking to executed on his orders Ministers.
One of miraculously surviving relatives of the President, his nephew Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo has decided to carry out a coup. From Teodoro was, he was the head of the National guard. The revolution was quick and bloodless — when the military broke into the house Nguema, the protection of the President immediately dropped their weapons and refused to defend a bloodthirsty madman.
The national guard Equatorial Guinea
Despite this, the deposed President was able to sneak away from the coup and hide in the jungle. A Nguema picked up the remnants of the Treasury in few shabby suitcases. The search for the fugitive lasted two weeks and was a success. The guards found the former head of the country dagaviwydet the last notes of the coveted suitcases.
The President was completely insane, but he still decided to try. He was charged in the murder of 80 thousand, but they were able to prove only 500 deaths. This was enough to execution, which, Francisco Macias Nguema and sentenced. But with the above sentence have any difficulty. The bomber had behaved inappropriately and threatened performers that will rise from the grave and eat their livers.
Nguema awaiting trial
In this regard, those wishing to execute Nguema in the country was not and had to go to the mercenaries. The nephew of the former leader hired a few Moroccans who have no problems brought crazy in the prison yard and riddled with machine guns. Of course, about a resurrection and eating liver after it could not be and speeches.
So in 1979, the President of Equatorial Guinea has become Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, the nephew of former head of state. The first thing he canceled all his laws and returned to the citizens of the school and the right to wear glasses. Mass executions were gone, and the Treasury again began to keep the National Bank.
President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
However, for ordinary people in the country, little has changed — all the riches of Equatorial Guinea, such as diamonds, natural gas, oil and gold, manages the President and his family. Running the country like a family business, and organization Freedom House recently named Teodoro Nguema's "most kleptocratic living autocrats in the world."
The son of the President of Equatorial Guinea loves luxury
For his family, the current President does not regret anything. His son Teodorin appointed Vice President and owns one of the most luxurious on the continent collections of supercars. Among Pets the young politician Bugatti Veyron, Porsche Carrera GT, Ferrari Enzo, Ferrari 599 GTO, Maserati MC12 and the Bentley Azure. Family Nguema purchased in Paris mansion for $ 25 million euros, with the majority of the population of Equatorial Guinea continues to live in poverty and do not have access to basic health services.
Keywords: Africa | Church history | School | Money | University | Points | Repression | The dictator | Madness | Death penalty | Longreads
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