14 mental disorders of modern humans, which you were not even awarePictolic
Did you know that almost every fifth person on the planet has a mental disorder? Probably not, because the patients themselves do not always suspect in their head that something is going wrong...
Below we want to talk about 14 the most common mental disorders that are commonly observed in modern humans. Check to see if you recognize them among their friends and maybe even yourself.
Pathological lying is a human tendency to deliberate providing of false information, redoing facts and writing fictional stories. Usually this symptom is caused by the human desire to draw the attention of others. Interestingly, some patients with this disorder truly believe in what they say.
In 2005, scientists found evidence that the brain of an ordinary person is very different from the brain of a pathological liar. The last volume of gray matter in the prefrontal cortex reduced by 14.2%, and the volume of white matter increased by 22%.
Syndrome Taijin refuse, as you might guess from the name, was first discovered in Japan. Its literal translation is "the disease of fear of interpersonal relations".
People with this syndrome have a strong fear of inadvertently hurt or offend others, to lose their location and a positive attitude. Often patients are afraid to spoil the mood of others even in their appearance, some physical faults, e.g., excessive sweating, redness of the face, stuttering and so on.
Symptom openness thoughts
Symptom openness thoughts most often occurs in patients with such mental disorders as schizophrenia or syndrome Kandinsky — clerambault. Is characterized by the confidence of patients that their thoughts are "broadcast" to others or to one specific person.
In a mild form of this symptom periodically cause the patient to doubt that his thoughts are hidden from others. If he appears on a regular basis, the individual reduced ability of interaction with society, it changes its behavior. Severe forms of the symptom openness thoughts attributed to schizophrenia.
The presence of this symptom the patient usually helps physicians to distinguish schizophrenia from other mental illnesses.
Induced delusional disorder
Induced delusional disorder or as it is called, the syndrome of dementia two, characterized by the fact that when this nonsense is shared between two or more people with close emotional ties. Thus patients "distribute" among themselves the following roles: "inductor delirium" — a true patient that is the source of nonsense, and "recipient crazy story" — a man who induced delirium, usually under the influence of the authority of the inductor.
The treatment of this mental disorder is pretty simple — inducer and recipient share and to interrupt any relationship between them. Recipient provide ongoing emotional support in connection with the separation from him of the inductor.
Complex Othello — one of the varieties of sexual complexes, which manifests itself in the pathological, groundless jealousy, often amounting to delirium. Usually occurs under the influence of alcohol.
Dysmorphic disorder, or as it is called corporal dismorphia or just dysmorphobia, compared to other mental disorders often leads to suicide. It is usually found in adolescents and is characterized by the rejection of his own body or some of its parts.
The most common localization of "defects" — skin (73%) hair (56%), nose (37%), weight (22%). And who would have thought, suffering from this disorder not only people with excess weight, but even professional athletes! Among them are quite common so-called muscular dysmorphia — a condition in which a person thinks that his body is not sufficiently muscular.
Sick dysmorphia constantly looking in the mirror, looking for the flaws, very upset over a missed workout. In addition, he is willing to take a variety of steroids and dangerous drugs, to accelerate the growth of muscles and make the body "perfect".
Foreign accent syndrome
Foreign accent syndrome is rare medical condition in which patients suddenly begin to speak with a foreign, often unfamiliar accent. Usually this disorder occurs due to stroke or traumatic brain injury.
This deviation is practically not studied, so methods for the treatment of speech defects do not exist. In 2012, singer George Michael said that, coming out of the coma, for some time he had the accent of the West of England. To eliminate the actor did nothing, but soon disappeared on their own.
Exploding head syndrome
Already from the name it is clear that people suffering from this disorder. According to one of the sick, his mind suddenly there is a noise which increases and gets louder and louder, until you hear the sound of the explosion. All this is accompanied by bright flashes of light before my eyes. The impression that someone nearby detonated the bomb.
Most often, the attacks of exploding head syndrome occur before bedtime. Some people experience them once in my life and others several times a night.
Unfortunately, scientists have not been able to study in detail this disorder is, therefore, of his treatment at the moment does not exist.
Bibliomania — reaching the point of absurdity the man's love for printed media. In order to obtain the desired book, people with this disorder can easily go on the offense, steal it, or gets tricked.
Home bibliomanes are entire collections of books. And this is not always rare editions of favorite authors. A patient with this disorder can buy absolutely any literature which is, first and foremost, he would like its appearance.
Trichotillomania — the compulsive desire to pull out your own (or other people's) hair. It can be the hair on the head, eyebrows or even eyelashes! Found in patients undergoing severe stress, or patients with mental illness. Most often happens to women.
Syndrome of violation of integrity of perception of own body
Syndrome of violation of integrity of perception of the own body also known as personality disorder amputees. A mental disorder is observed in healthy in General, individuals who feel the need to cause himself serious injury — amputated arm, leg, deprive yourself of vision, to change the physical body shape.
The syndrome is closely associated with Xenomania — a disorder in which a person feels that one or more limbs connected to his body. Patients with this condition tell me they feel the hands, the feet, legs, etc. as "something extra", like a sixth finger.
A case where a man with a personality disorder amputees he cut off his hand because "it prevented him". Another woman with cleaning toilets deprived himself of sight, because since the childhood dreamed to be blind.
Androphobia — uncontrollable fear of men, as a rule, unfounded. In some cases this disorder may be caused by traumatic events in the past. In addition, androphobia may be a symptom of social phobia, also occur due to psychological trauma, for example rape.
Selfharm or self-harm is intentional self-harm without suicidal intent. Selfharm can be a symptom of various mental illnesses or occur as an independent disorder.
Most often people suffering from this disorder, make the cuts on the skin, keep it on burns, beat themselves or drink toxic substances. Though selfharm and is not a prerequisite to suicide, among people who are exposed to it over time 40-60% commit suicide.
Syndrome Kandinsky — Clerambault
Syndrome Kandinsky — clerambault also referred to as syndrome of mental automatism, as one of the signs of the disease — a sense of automaticity in the patient. This disorder can include delusions and pseudohallucinations. Often patients think that their feelings, thoughts and actions are made in advance and unnatural.
There are several varieties of psychic automatism — ideational, sensory and motor. Ideational is accompanied by a feeling that the patient's head to "put" the thoughts, symptom openness thoughts (in detail about it we wrote above), disposal of own emotions (the patient may feel that he is experiencing them under the influence of other people).
Sensory automatism is an unpleasant, uncomfortable sensations in the body, which the patient usually is unable to describe. The engine is characterized by the feeling that all actions and movements of the patient premeditated someone to outsiders.
And it's not all mental disorders that are not as pronounced as, for example, schizophrenia and manic-depressive psychosis, but nevertheless entail a risk to human health. It is therefore very important to monitor not only for physical but also for mental condition.