Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of Rome

A remarkable mixture of religion, art and culture, the Vatican is one of the most mysterious places in the world for centuries played an important role in the history of Europe.

The world's only Catholic country, the residence of the Pope hides behind its walls an amazing amount of historical artifacts and works of art such as Michelangelo on the Sistine chapel and various documents showing the court representatives of the Church over the greatest scientists of Europe.

Secret bridges to escape from the city, architectural structures, transported from other continents — we offer you to look at the Vatican from the inside.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of Rome

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeArchitectural 3D model of the city

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeThe first thing visitors see after passing through the Vatican wall, is a huge St. Peter's square. The edges of the square enclose the Roman column, and in the center stands, the 41-metre high obelisk, brought by the Emperor Caligula from Egypt.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of Rome

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeOn the same square, the parishioners gathered to hear speeches and sermons of Pope from his balcony.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeThe Basilica was built on the hill where the Emperor Nero allegedly ordered to execute the one of Peter. This historical monument is the skill of painters and sculptors from different eras.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeTo crown the Basilica is famous for its massive dome, decorated by Michelangelo.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeFrom the top of the dome where you can get, breaking 551 step — magnificent views of Rome and Vatican gardens, stretching from the back side of the Basilica.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeThe gardens cover about 60 acres — more than half the entire area of the Vatican — and usually unavailable to visitors, as it was originally conceived as a personal recreation area for dad.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeLocated amongst the gardens including government house and even a helipad the Pope.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeNear helipad traditional hanging plaque with the inscription in Latin: "the Pope was able to look over their holdings in the Vatican from the air. The Supreme Pontiff Paul VI".

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeTo the North of the Basilica, adhering to the gardens of the Vatican palaces — a chain of connected buildings, along with over a thousand rooms.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeThe palaces contain many chapels, government buildings and apartments. The complex of palaces traditionally serves as the home of the Pope since the fourteenth century.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeA significant part of the complex of palaces today are reserved for the Vatican museums. Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of Rome The total length of the overlapping museums complex — 14 miles. They say that if you spend on every instance only a minute of time to get acquainted with all the contents of the museums will take four years.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeThe art galleries of the Museum are literally everywhere, and can be found on the columns and on the steps — on the ceilings and walls.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomePearl of the Museum — the Sistine chapel, the chapel where Michelangelo and other artists of the Renaissance worked for 60 years to hone their works. Because of the large concentration of tourists in the chapel of the security service periodically asks the audience to whisper at this point.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeBy the way, the Sistine chapel — home of the Conclave where cardinals gather to vote on the election of the next Pope. When the decision has finally been made, from the chimney on the roof of the chapel allowed the white smoke.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeNext door is the chapel of the Apostolic Palace, originally built for the residence of Pope Sixtus V and then periodically used by popes for living and entertaining. Such is the White house in the Vatican.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeThat's how the Palace looks from the inside.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeOrnate Apostolic library is a popular place dads for the reception of foreign guests.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeGuarding the Apostolic Palace — and one should think of the entire Vatican city is the smallest army in the world composed of the four soldiers. Such is the small Swiss guard traditionally employed by the Holy see since 1506, but in order to get into it, you must be a bachelor, a porter by nationality and Catholic in age from 19 to 30 years.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeIn fact, there is a lot of security activity takes the so-called papal gendarmerie, but officially it is not an army. Interesting fact: the percentage of the Vatican — the most militarized country in the world, because 101 of 557 of its citizens formally in the armed forces. In second place is North Korea.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeThe army was not always possible to keep the head of the Church in security several times in history, popes escaped through the so-called Passetto, a fortified corridor with a length of about 800 meters that connects the Vatican with Castel Sant'angelo. Last time they were used by Pope Clement VII, after the Vatican in 1527 captured troops of Emperor Charles V, killing all the members of the Swiss guard on the steps of the Basilica.Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeA view of the Passetto from the Castel Sant'angelo.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeBy the way, Pope Francis, in a break with tradition, refused to stay in the Apostolic Palace and instead spend the night in a modest guest house.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeUnlike the Apostolic Palace, the guest house is not as pretentious and more intimate. In the photo Pope Francis during the reception of the President of Argentina Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomeThe view on the approach to the Basilica.

Walking around the Vatican: what lies behind the walls of a separate state in the centre of RomePopes come and go, but the Vatican, which they call home, will be a long time to decorate the types of the Eternal city.

Keywords: The Vatican | Italy | Catholic | Catholicism | Museums | The Pope | Residence | Rome | Gardens | Shrines

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