The bodies that people look years: 8 of the most famous "modern" mummiesPictolic
When someone is talking about mummies, I usually come ancient Egyptian pharaohs, their tombs and the same film with Brendan Fraser in the title role. Although the rite of mummification is commonly associated with ancient Egypt, the most ancient are the South American Andean mummies of the Chinchorro culture. However, the process of mummification reached up to our days.
Below we want to talk about the most famous "modern" mummies. Some of them were mummified by natural means, others especially.
"Green boots" is one of the most famous modern mummies, which appeared on Everest in the Wake of the tragic events that occurred in 1996. A group of climbers climbed the highest peak, but when they came back with them was lost connection. Later, at the height of 8500 meters in the North-Western slopes of Chomolungma found the body of a man in bright green boots.
It is believed that the body belongs to an Indian climber Tsewang Paljor, who that day was wearing green Koflach boots. But it is possible that this may be the corpse of another member of the team, lance Naik Dorje Morup.
Girl, the remains of which you see in the photo — the daughter of a Sicilian servant Mario Lombardo Rosalia. The girl died from pneumonia when she was two years old. At the request of the father of her embalmed and buried in a glass coffin in Capuchin Catacombs, Palermo. In 2000, the girl's corpse began to decompose, so it was moved to a dry place and placed in a chamber with nitrogen.
The English philosopher Jeremy Bentham was a supporter of freedom of speech, equality, separation of Church and state and fought for the rights of animals, the prohibition of slavery and torture and the abolition of punishment for homosexuals. Scientist bequeathed that his body was preserved for posterity, so gave part of his fortune to the University of London on condition that after the death of his mummified and put on public display.
The mummy of Jeremy Bentham still can be seen in the main building of the University College London. The corpse was installed in a special Cabinet-Cabinet engraved with the name of the philosopher.
In the past, Japanese Buddhist monks practiced sokushinbutsu communification. This process was divided into three phases, each of which lasted one thousand days. First, the monk maximum weight, to reduce the amount of fat, then ate bark and roots of pine and was administered in the diet of the poisonous juice of the urushi tree. The last stage was zamurovannye alive: the monk dropped into a special tomb, which was sealed, leaving a tube for air.
About whether he is alive or not, the monk was announced with a bell. At the end of three years after the alarms bell had ceased to flow, the grave was opened and checked by the preservation of mummies. The last case to sokushinbutsu was registered in 1903.
This procedure exposed himself to Pandito Hambo-Lama XII Dashi-Dorzho Itigilov, a famous Buryat religious figure, the head of the Buddhists of Eastern Siberia in the years 1911-1917. Scientists have long tried to understand the phenomenon of the incorruptible body of Lama, however, in 2005, by order of the Hambo-Lama Dam ayusheeva research stopped.
The mummy for many years now terrifies visitors to the National Museum of Greenland. Scientists have found that the body belongs to year-old boy suffering from down syndrome. The corpse was first discovered in 1972, and since then, he has not changed.
And this is the girl from the Inca tribe. At the time of death she was 14-15 years old. Her body was discovered on the top of the Argentine volcano Llullaillaco together with the mummies of two five-year olds, girl and boy. Even then, the archaeologists guessed that the Incas brought them to the victim, and a detailed study of the tissues of mummies confirmed these guesses.
Analysis of hair the older girl testified that approximately a year before death she began to drink alcohol and stuff Coca leaves. Also received with the younger children, but the doses of Coca and alcohol for them were less. According to scientists, so they were preparing for the ritual. In favor of the version with the sacrifice also is the fact that with the bodies found the bowl of food, statuettes of silver and gold and unusual headpiece.
And, of course, not to mention the most famous modern mummy — Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. The body is buried in a special transparent sarcophagus, which is in the Mausoleum. There is also a laboratory for the preservation of Lenin's body. A process designed to prevent changes of the body, is held every year and a half.