"Salt of the earth"

"Salt of the earth"

Categories: Health and Medicine

English photographer Kirill Kalecki (Kirill Kuletski) visited the salt mines in the Ukrainian village of Solotvyno, where for 40 years was an underground asthma.

"Salt of the earth"

"Salt of the earth"

Salt mines in Solotvyno were discovered in the eighteenth century, in the 1970s on the basis of them opened Ukrainian Allergic hospital.

"Salt of the earth"

In addition to mines in Solotvyno is located karst salt lake, the salt content of which is higher than in the Dead sea.

"Salt of the earth"

Alternative therapy used in Solotvyno for the treatment of asthma and other respiratory diseases, known as speleotherapy.

"Salt of the earth"

Speleotherapy was opened in Poland in 1950‑ies, when the doctors noticed that the miners in the salt mines rarely suffered from tuberculosis.

"Salt of the earth"

Impregnated with salt air salt mines helps to remove phlegm from the lungs and kill the microorganisms that cause infections of the respiratory tract.

"Salt of the earth"

Salt in the air tunnels contains ten times less microorganisms than in the air, normal operating.

"Salt of the earth"

In addition to respiratory diseases, saturated salt air helps to fight against various skin diseases and the effects of burn disease.

"Salt of the earth"

Clinic in the village of Solotvyno was located in the tunnel at a depth of 300 meters from the surface of the earth. The temperature here lasts all year round on the same level 22 °C.

"Salt of the earth"

Solotvyno the hospital was the world's largest institution used speleotherapy as a primary method of treatment and rehabilitation after diseases of the respiratory system.

"Salt of the earth"

Every year in Solotvyno's salt mines was treated from 300 to 500 people — to get to the clinic, often had to join the waiting list.

"Salt of the earth"

The usual time of stay in hospital was 24 days. Patients all the time spent under the ground, for the therapy sessions they descended down the Elevator.

"Salt of the earth"

During the treatment sessions, patients lay on beds that are placed in the rock-cut niches and illuminated by fluorescent lamps. They were allowed to talk to each other or to read.

"Salt of the earth"

In addition to medical offices, underground building was situated a relaxation room and a library.

"Salt of the earth"

The extraction of salt in Solotvyno stopped in the early 2000s due to a sharp rise in the groundwater. Department of speleotherapy shut down in 2008 after the water breakthrough in the ventilation shaft.

Keywords: Health and medicine | Mine | Salt | Ukraine | Sanatorium

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