The "red list" – a list of endangered species compiled by the International Union for conservation of nature and natural resources, showing the exact picture of the status of biological species.
1. The black Rhino. 25% of the species is under threat of extinction. Officially declared extinct West African black Rhino. West African black Rhino was completely wiped out by poachers some years ago.
2. White rhinoceros, or Northern white Rhino, listed as a threatened species in the wild species. The population of white Rhino in Africa is on the verge of extinction. Last individual Javan Rhino was killed by poachers in Vietnam in 2010. Now in the world there are only a tiny population of these animals.
3. The Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii). The population of this species from the endangered category moved to the category of endangered species. After 1996, when the horse was entered in the list of endangered species, due to successful programs of artificial breeding and reintroduction (returning wildlife), the population size has increased and today amounts to more than 300 individuals
4. Chameleon Tarzan. A significant part of the biosphere, especially on Islands and in arid regions, consists of reptiles. According to the IUCN red list , 40% of the land reptiles of the island of Madagascar are endangered, 22 species are in critical danger. Among them chameleons, geckos, Skinks and snakes. The problem of preservation of these types of scientists to help you plan for environmental protection, create new protected areas. According to scientists, these areas will help to preserve a significant portion of endangered species, such as Tarzan's chameleon, a chameleon with a fancy nose and a legless skink.
5. Chinese water fir. This species is rapidly dying out in the wild due to the reduction of habitat due to intensive agriculture in China. Despite the fact that plants are a vital resource for human health and wildlife, they are still under-represented in the conservation lists. In the IUCN Red list Chinese water fir is presented as an endangered species.
6. Seychelles begonia (Begonia seychellensis). 77% of the 79 species of flowers Seychelles Islands are on the verge of extinction. Most tropical plant species are at risk.
7. Sea coconut (Coco der Mer). This plant, which is credited with aphrodisiac properties, has moved from the list of endangered species in the list under threat of extinction. One of the reasons for the extinction of the species is unauthorized collecting fruits, selling them on the black market. The fires also greatly reduce the number of species.
8. Giant Stingray manta. Recent studies have shown the existence of two species of manta rays: reef Stingray manta and a giant Stingray manta. Today both species are in the vulnerable group. The cause of the extinction of a species is its high value in international trade markets. Gill Stingray are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Giant Stingray manta is the largest of the rays, the fin span which can exceed seven meters. According to scientists, only the control and regulation of sales rays will help to save this species.
9. The Atlantic bluefin tuna. In the category of endangered species has got 5 out of 8 tuna species. Among endangered species: the southern, the Atlantic tuna, bikerlady perch, yellowfin and albacore tuna. Many species have high economic value, so the government needs to make a decision regarding protection of this species.
10. Frog Ranitomeya benedicta. The role of amphibians in ecosystems and scientific research in the creation of new drugs is invaluable. However, on 26 recently discovered amphibian species are in the IUCN Red list. Among them in the category of vulnerable and poison frog Ranitomeya benedicta.
11. Summer poisonous frog. In connection with the uncontrolled trapping for the international trade and the reduction of the habitat of this threatened species.