Rare photos of everyday life on Sakhalin of the late XIX - early XX centuryBy Pictolic https://pictolic.com/en/article/rare-photos-of-everyday-life-on-sakhalin-of-the-late-xix-early-xx-century
Sakhalin is Russia's largest island in the Pacific Ocean. The population of the island according to the latest data is about 489 thousand people. Mainly ethnic Russians live on Sakhalin, as well as a small Korean community and indigenous people — Ainu, Oroki and Nivkh.
Until the middle of the XIX century Sakhalin was mainly under Chinese influence, but by the end of the century the island was divided between the Russian Empire and Japan. In 1875, according to the treaty, Russia took Sakhalin, transferring the northern Kuril Islands to Japan instead. At about the same time, the Sakhalin exile and penal servitude began.
After the Second World War and as a result of the victory over Japan, the entire territory of Sakhalin Island (as well as all the Kuril Islands) was already included in the Soviet Union. Most of the Ainu moved to Hokkaido.