How did the song "Murka": the real story of Marusya Klimova

"Murka" is rightly ranked among the most popular Russian songs of the 20th century. She was considered almost an anthem of the criminal world, but he knew it by heart almost everything from high party officials, ending with the students. But almost nobody knows the story behind this song. Meanwhile, it is based on real events, and the main heroine Marusya Klimova — not a fictional character.

How did the song

The song "Murka" tells of secret operation, whose aim was the destruction of the leader of the Odessa gang of Diamond. This man was very experienced and dangerous criminal, but like all men, had a weakness — was not indifferent to women. Developed the operation to eliminate the bandit in 1919, far from the "pearl of the sea" — in Moscow, at the Lubyanka and took a hand personally, Felix Dzerzhinsky.

The KGB in Odessa. Photos of the early 20-ies of the last century

In the "Murk" tells about how to do this in the first person. Took her to the folk art, but in fact this song was the author of the Odessa poet and journalist Yakov Davydov. He wrote the song in the early 20-ies, but never admitted the authorship. Davidov enough laurels of the author of "Gopala with Smyk", "Chicken fried" and "Bublikov" — unprecedented hits the early 20th century.

Music for his work of Davydov took from Jewish folk songs, slightly modifying it. Jacob was accepted in the Odessa MOORE as a journalist and therefore knew about the operation, which was glorified in the song. Original manuscript test "Murka", by the way, for some reason, for many years was kept in the vault of the Odessa criminal investigation Department.

To get to the Diamond and to eliminate its need was a woman. But it had to be not just a beautiful lady that can captivate seasoned leader, but also brave, despising death and judgment. The choice fell on the doctor of the Moscow Cheka Maria Klimova, suitable in all respects.

How did the song

Maria Prokofievna Klimov. Photo from the personal file of the employee of the Cheka

The woman had to be implemented in the environment of the Diamond, which in Odessa has taken the place of Teddy jap. The new leader of the bandits was not only careful, but also bloodthirsty predecessor. In case of failure to rely on the indulgence was not necessary and this is clearly said Klimova. The woman had time to think and to refuse, but she agreed immediately.

A group of Moscow KGB under the guidance of an experienced officer Moore Martynov arrived in Odessa under the guise of seasoned criminals working for Nestor Makhno. According to legend, they had to know the mood in the city and prepare him to surrender the army of "father".

The appearance of the visitors "rascals" could not pass by attention of the Diamond and he wanted to communicate with the "Makhnovists". Deep undercover Muscovites were able to convince the wary leader in their hatred of the Bolsheviks and strict commitment to the laws of thieves. Maria Klimova, representing assistant Martynov, immediately liked Lovelace the Diamond and he wished to continue the acquaintance with the newcomer beauty.

How did the song

In such cafes, not even had time to change the sign after the revolution, gathered in 20-ies of the Odessa criminals

Communication with criminals was not easy. Several times Mary was on the verge of failure. Not to disclose the card ahead of time, security officers had to sacrifice important operational information to adjust its transmission through the Diamond Klimov. This assured the most vigilant of bandits in her loyalty and all suspicion with women was removed.

In order not to disrupt the operation, Maria decided to arbitrarily and very risky move — she broke all ties with their Tutors and fully integrated into the life of a criminal. Now, in case of danger, the chances to survive it was even less, but the glimmer of hope that still manage to remain one on one with the Diamond and perform sentenced in absentia by the Cheka.

But the ending of this story still came prematurely and not as planned. Diamond reported that Klimov was seen in the company of his worst enemy and rival bandit, June, who, incidentally, is also hunted by the KGB. Jealous criminal decided to kill the traitor and his opponent in one fell swoop.

Having learned through informants that June with buddies and Maria celebrate another successful RAID at the restaurant, Brilliant accomplices went over there and got into a shootout. There is an assumption that smart, the Soviet secret service, fairly well studied your target, especially played on jealousy and staged the massacre at the restaurant.

How did the song

Like it or not today it is difficult to judge, especially in the shootout Maria Klimova, or as it was called the bandits "Murka", she received three bullets. Brave woman shot the Diamond and hit her in the head, chest and arm.

The arrival of security officers in the restaurant lay 20 dead and several wounded. But Maria Klimova was not among them. When interviewing witnesses it became clear that "Murka" if he did, it will not last long — a few people saw the Diamond shoots her at point blank range almost. The Soviet secret service searched in the cemeteries of Odessa and suburbs, but there she was — Mary seemed to have vanished into thin air.

How did the song

"Yellow house". Ul. Lubyanka B., 14

In a personal card of captain MIA Maria Klimova, a native of the city of Veliky Ustyug, it was said that she retired in 1952. In archive of a card passed in 1962, it is obvious that this can be considered the date of the death of the heroine of popular songs. Journalists have conducted several investigations to learn the fate of operatunity and something has found out.

Badly wounded Klimov somehow was in a safe house where she received medical treatment. Once her condition was stabilized, transported Mary under an assumed name in one of Odessa hospitals, and then — in the Moscow clinic.

How did the song

Monument to Maria Klimova in her homeland, in the city of Velikiy Ustyug

About how he spent the last years of "Murka" how she died and where her grave we never know. Perhaps opening this mystery, we find other milestones in her life that silent dusty folders from the "house in the Lubyanka".

Keywords: Gang | The bandits | The police | Odessa | Song | Poet | Crime | Injury | The Soviet Union | Shooting

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