Amazing architectural masterpieces African tribe
Categories: Africa | Design and ArchitectureBy Pictolic https://pictolic.com/en/article/amazing-architectural-masterpieces-african-tribe
In the view inexperienced users poor African tribes live in dilapidated Bungalow, which is not a human dwelling. And even under the open sky. Actually there is on the continent samples of unique architecture that quietly go away into oblivion. We are talking about a dome-shaped buildings called taleemi.
Unique architectural masterpiece of architecture of the African tribes are on the verge of extinction. Survived only a single ring, which is a big house. In two places lie the ruins reminiscent of once stood here huts. The devastating effects of nature combined with the lack of funding has a negative impact on the integrity of structures.
The architectural complex almost disappeared in the 1930s. Fortunately, the influx of tourists in the early 1990s provided the funding for the renovation of houses. Originally, the special architecture requires constant care. In a certain period of time the policy of the local authorities has changed and the tourist flow has dried up.
The origins of the unique architecture
People Musgum settled in the plains at the intersection of the borders of Chad and Cameroon sulfuric three hundred years ago. Representatives of the few people built extraordinary homes — tolaki. The French called their granite houses (case obus). In the West they have learned in the 1850s, thanks to the research of Henry Bart from Germany, who visited the Central and Northern regions of Africa.
Despite the fact that the Europeans learned about talequah 300 years ago, they do not cease to admire the uniqueness of the original architecture. Teleki would fit into a fantastic alien landscape with such a harmony, as in the African valley.
How it was built
Musgum settled in the area where it is inaccessible to conventional building materials. Plain Chad and Cameroon have too little wood and stone. The inhabitants of the African people used to build houses widespread clay, sand and ordinary dirt. For all history of mankind often used trivial construction materials to build a shelter. However, nobody anywhere has not built so unusual homes as musgum-tolek.
African house is a large earthen dome without formwork or Foundation. They were built from solution, in which was composed of clay and earth. Outside the house seem huge pottery product because the ruthless sun literally baked solution, giving him extraordinary strength. The recipe mixes have not reached our days.
Musgum-tolek built, almost without applying any tools. Time-consuming process took almost six months, taking into account the time for the drying of the walls and roof. Thick mud walls protect from the burning sun, providing a cool atmosphere inside African home. The contents of the huts was placed solely on women.
Most of the local customs were dedicated to the construction, arrangement, arrangement of Toluca-Musgum. Normal settlement consisted of 10-15 huts, built in a circle. The entrances were facing the center of the settlement. The house was connected earthen walls, which provided security of the tribe. In the centre there were domes of men. Women won Teleki around men. Every family has fenced their home with clay wall.
Ergonomics and zoning
Tolek, like every other house has an entrance. Here it is made in the shape of a shell. Specially woven Mat replaces the door leaf. The strength of the house is a great thickness of the walls at the base which become thinner in the upper part of the structure. In the center of the domed roof is a vent that provides air circulation in the room.
Textured surface outside of Toluca deserves special attention. Alternating hollows and bumps provides a quick flow of water. The rain and even the rain did not cause the house of tangible damage. If the house is in need of repair, Africans climbed the wall and the roof on numerous protrusions, like the stairs.
The huts are distinguished by area, depending on the functional load. So, the most spacious Teleki intended for livestock. The space around the dwelling was divided into different zones. Here there were separate areas for livestock, children's games, hearth, family gatherings. For example, musgum of torekov easy to see how architecture absorbs the culture of a nation reflects its customs.
Keywords: Home | House | Housing | Architecture | Tribe facts
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