8 incredible scientific discoveries that we've missedPictolic
In a world where every day we are surrounded by hundreds of events can sometimes get lost of interesting and useful information. To refresh the knowledge of ordinary people on the forum decided Reddit. Users have shared the most important scientific discoveries that we simply could not miss.
Here, for example, did you know that scientists have long grow new teeth? And what of the female spinal cord can produce egg? No? Then you definitely need to read this article, because from it you will learn many amazing.
The treatment of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterized by disintegration of thought processes and impaired emotional responses. People with this disease can lead a normal life under the condition of constant medical and psychological treatment. In other words, people with schizophrenia have a lifetime to take maintenance drugs, and take special therapy.
However, doctors from Japan managed to do something amazing — to cure schizophrenia with a bone marrow transplant. It happened almost by accident: they diagnosed the patient with schizophrenia cancer of the blood and to save his life, decided to hold the chemo and then transplant the bone marrow. Thus, they first weakened his immune system and then launched his "reset".
Surprisingly, after transplantation the guy disappeared all the symptoms of mental disorder! This event gave the scientists reason to believe that schizophrenia and similar diseases can be caused by a malfunction of the immune system. Now experts conduct extensive research in this area, hoping to confirm this relationship.
Many did not know, but scientists have long learned how to grow teeth from stem cells. This is done in several ways. First: the donor is removed biological material (germ tooth), which grow in the lab a complete tooth, which is then put to the patient. Second: the cells become hooked directly to the gums and begin the process of growing.
Cloning dead Pets
Surely each of you ever had to lose Pets, and you know how much it hurts. What if you had the opportunity to create an exact copy of a beloved cat or dog? And this is not fiction, but a reality!
In Korea has long been a special center Sooam Biotech Research Foundation, which deals with the cloning of dead Pets. The laboratory staff warned:
As simple as that! But there is one caveat... the Cost of this service is approximately equal to 100 thousand dollars, so you can afford to bring the animal to life can not all of the owners.
The sperm from a woman's spinal cord and egg cells from the blood
This discovery not so fresh, but as it turned out, many Internet users are about it not even heard. We are talking about same-sex fertilization by getting the sperm from the spinal cord of both men and women. Thanks to this method, the homosexual couples can have biological children, scientists tell.But that's not all! Now they are working on another amazing project — growing oocytes on the basis of blood. Yet preliminary studies are under way, but scientists are focused on success! After all, if they manage to get the desired result soon on issues such as "infertility", it will be possible to forget!
Vaccine against dental caries
Two years ago a group of scientists managed to develop a unique vaccine for preventing dental caries — the most common diseases of the teeth. Not in a hurry to run to my dentist to put a miraculous vaccine! We are with you it is unavailable, because the specialists only conduct tests on rodents. And they are very successful!
It is expected that vaccination will occur in the following way: in the mouth of the patient will bring a special hybrid protein KF-rPAc, derived from E. coli and the bacteria causing caries. This will lead to the development of human immunity to carious microorganisms Streptococcus mutans. After that, they will not be able to harm the teeth, so as to be destroyed by their "protective system".
I want to believe that this vaccine will become available to the common patients! Just imagine how such a procedure would simplify the entire life!
Cotton cultivation on the moon
Until recently, scientists were convinced that life on the moon is not possible, since the local climate does not allow long exist to any living organism. But recent studies have proved the opposite!To test their hunch, the scientists sent to the moon vehicle "Chang'e-4" with seed potatoes, cotton, canola and rice. To their great surprise, it soon became clear that the cotton sprouted in the soil of this aggressive! Previously, to achieve such a result could only cultivating plants on the sides of space stations.
Experts believe that this discovery will bring them a step closer to a long-term space exploration.
A new species of whale
While ordinary people continue to figure out who this whale, a shark or a Dolphin, scientists discover new species, although the chances of that were almost zero. Not so long ago a group of researchers led by Robert Pitman has discovered an unusual species near Antarctica. They differ from previously known fellow smaller body, pointed fins and rounded heads.
Experts were able to take DNA samples from these mammals, making in the near future they will be able to find out who they came across a variety of known types of killer whales or a completely new "breed". While the recorded specimens are called "type D killer whale".
Fast growing skin at the site of burns
In 2011, the staff of the Johns Hopkins University (Johns Hopkins University) have developed a unique hydrogel. With it, growing new skin on the burn is happening much faster. And all because its main component is a polymer dextran — stimulates growth of the damaged area.
Add to the composition of the native cells of the victim, therefore in the area of the burn grows new skin, not scar tissue. And is this whole process just a few weeks. However, while this drug was tested only on mice, but, quite possibly, soon it will be available to all patients.
But which of these discoveries do you consider the most significant for mankind?