14 moments in sports history that changed the worldPictolic
In the history of sports have great moments that have determined the course not only sports events, but also the history of mankind. It is through such moments people have had a belief in themselves and hope for a brighter future.
The policy of racial segregation in South Africa greatly influenced the political and social infrastructure, even after in 1994 was abolished apartheid. Team South Africa's Rugby "Springboks" won a victory over the new Zealand team "All Blacks" in the Rugby world Cup. It was a historic moment, which indicated the weakening of racial conflict. South African President Nelson Mandela, who for many years fought for the rights of the black population of the country, even shook hands with the captain of the team "Springboks" Francois Pienaar.
British doctor Ludwig Guttmann organized the International sports games in wheelchairs, to help rehabilitate veterans of the Second world war. He invited athletes confined to a wheelchair, to participate in the competition, which later became the Paralympic games.
Olympic games 1936 in Berlin was supposed to be proof of Nazi theories about the superiority of the Aryan race. However, the American black athlete Jesse Owens broke the plans of the leader of the Nazis — he was a four-time Olympic champion, winning the race at 100 and 200 m, relay race 4×100 meters (world record) and long jump. The famous picture of Owens salutes were made during the presentation of medals for long jump. In this photograph, was one of the most powerful moments in the history of the sport. However, when Jesse Owens returned to the United States, the only person who did not bother to congratulate him, angered Hitler himself, became President Franklin Roosevelt.
Another historic moment took place at the Olympic games 1968 in Mexico city. Athletes Tommy Smith and John Carlos raised their fists as a sign of pride that they received medals for first and third place respectively. This gesture they repeated during the national anthem of the United States, on the chest, the athletes were seen the badges of the Olympic project for human rights.
The famous American baseball player Lou Gehrig was forced to retire from the sport at the age of 36 years because of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. For the athlete was held a touching farewell ceremony. Incidentally, in the U.S. and Canada amyotrophic lateral sclerosis known as "Lou Gehrig's disease".
The famous American cyclist lance Armstrong was diagnosed with cancer, and the prognosis was unfavourable, as the disease was detected at the last stage. Armstrong beat the disease and 7 times finished first overall in the "Tour de France". His example has inspired many to fight cancer to the end, not give up and continue to follow your dreams.
Unique athlete Bobby Martin was born without legs almost. But this did not prevent him to get involved in school American football and at the University to play for the local team.
Before the Olympic games of 1900 in Paris, women were not allowed to participate in the competition. In that year, in the disciplines of lawn tennis and Golf has been declared women athletes. And the London Olympic games 2012 marked the debut of women's Boxing.
In 1965, Cassius Clay won the title of champion in heavy weight. The next day he said that he is a member of the "nation of Islam" and changed his name to Muhammad Ali. Due to the fact that the famous boxer Muhammad Ali not only refused to serve, but actively opposed the war in Vietnam, the athlete was stripped of the title, license to participate in the fighting and passport, without which he could not leave the country.
In April 1947, the baseball player Jackie Robinson signed a contract with the club, "the Brooklyn Dodgers" and became the first American black player in the majors. Despite coming at him death threats and constant discrimination from other players, Robinson had a distinguished career thanks to his talent and diligence.
September 20, 1973, tennis star among women, Billie Jean king made in the match against the former first racket of the world Bobby Riggs, who at one time made unflattering remarks about the level of women's tennis and believe that I can beat any woman on the court. King defeated Riggs and received $ 100,000.
Canadian athlete Jamaican-born Ben Johnson set a world record in the final race at the Olympic games 1988 in Seoul. However, three days later, the athlete was caught using steroids, and his titles were forfeited. Johnson was allowed to participate in the Olympic games in Barcelona years later, but he was again disqualified for use of illicit drugs. In 1993, the athlete was disqualified from the sport for life.
National Golf club in the us city of Augusta until 1975 did not accept black players. In 1997, 21-year-old tiger woods won the masters tournament held in this Golf club.
The American football player Reggie Bush USC helped the University of southern California to win many matches. In 2005 he was awarded the Trophy Heisman over the season, but it soon became clear that the athlete and his family received lavish gifts from sports agent Lloyd lake. The University had counted several victories in the 2004 season.