12 pairs of things that are surprisingly related to each otherVika
Do you know how the nuclear bomb and art are related?
We invite you to learn about unexpected relationships between completely incompatible things.
1. Art and nuclear weapons.
The first nuclear explosion caused small amounts of radioactive isotopes such as cesium-137 and strontium-90 to cover the earth. All paintings created after 1945 contain these radioactive particles: isotopes have polluted the soil of the world, including flax and linseed oil, which are used in the manufacture of modern paints. Therefore, it is impossible to create a perfect copy of famous works of the past (such as Rembrandt or Leonardo da Vinci). In fact, there is the expertise that can help experts distinguish a real masterpiece from a fake copy.
2. Tights and speed skating.
Once the Soviet athlete Viktor Kosichkin had to participate in the championship in Davos. Suddenly the weather got really cold and he asked the women from Germany to give him something warm to wear. They only had warm tights that the athlete had to wear. Surprisingly, he came in second. Kosichkin loved the effect of this item so much that he bought more tights and a thick black sweater and tried to use them in preparation for the Olympics. During the Olympic Games, he took first and second places, and this interesting outfit became the official uniform for speed skating.
3. Captcha and old books.
CAPTCHA is not just a set of letters that protect sites from spam. If a site uses a CAPTCHA system, solving these puzzles helps the community. The fact is that it uses words scanned from old books and newspapers that the computer could not recognize. Only a person is able to read such a text. The system distinguishes people from fakes, collects different versions of the same symbol, and inserts them into e-books. About 200 million puzzles are solved every day.
4. Rats, mines, and tuberculosis.
Giant Rats are some of the most valuable workers in Tanzania. With their intelligence and keen sense of smell, these animals are irreplaceable when it comes to finding mines. Rats that complete their training are referred to as "hero rats" and work in other countries (eg Cambodia). What's more, they even work in health care, as their sense of smell helps diagnose the early stages of tuberculosis.
5. Telegraph and grief.
Samuel Morse was a great artist and probably would have devoted his life to this if not for one sad event. During a long trip, he received a letter from his father saying that his wife was recovering from a serious illness. Then, 3 days later, he received another letter stating that his wife had died. Due to the slow communication methods, Morse did not have the opportunity to say goodbye to his beloved. Thus, after 7 years, he accidentally joined the conversation about electricity and began to think about inventing a convenient and fast communication tool. Another 12 years later, the first-ever "quick message" was sent from Washington to Baltimore.
6. Pigeons and cancer.
Scientists from the USA managed to teach pigeons how to find malignant cells using histology. Comparing them to humans, they have 2 advantages: improved color perception and lack of imagination (birds cannot imagine things and thus do not hesitate when making a diagnosis). Each pigeon went through the same training. When the bird "answers" correctly, scientists will feed it. After a month, each "student" chose the correct answer 80% of the time. The accuracy rate of the resulting group has reached an astonishing 99%.
7. Pink and masculinity.
Initially, pink was considered boyish, and blue was girly. It was believed that white was suitable for both girls and boys. This trend began to change in the 20th century with the help of the feminist movement and marketing. When it became possible to determine the gender of the unborn child, various advertisements began to appear, forcing future parents to buy clothes of a certain color.
8. Olympic medals and art.
We used to think that the Olympic Games are all about sports, and the most "artistic" thing you'll see is gymnastics. But in the middle of the 20th century, from 1912 to 1948, there were Olympic art competitions. This was the intention of the founder of the Olympic movement, Pierre de Coubertin, who believed that sports and the arts promoted both mental and physical health. In any case, he believed that works of art should have been associated with sports. Medals were given for artwork inspired by sports and were divided into 5 categories: architecture, literature, music, painting, and sculpture.
9. Printers and fingerprints.
Most laser printers have their fingerprints: yellow dots. These are special marks that create a unique pattern when the image is printed. Such measures are aimed at combating counterfeiting. There were also situations when this method helped to investigate information leakage cases.
10. Sun and sneezing.
According to scientists, one in four people in the world sneeze from bright sunlight. This is a hereditary genetic trait (the chance of inheriting it is 50%). The retinal irritation causes a sudden burst of sneezing 1 to 10 times, then stops over the next 24 hours.
11. Vikings and advertising.
Eric the Red was a traveler and explorer who discovered Greenland. He was the first person to use a great marketing trick using a cool name to get more people in. He called the land "green," although his homeland was ice-covered and white. Using this trick, he tried to attract as many colonists as possible. The method really worked: after a year, many people moved to Greenland with Eric.
12. Gravity and morality.
In the late 19th century, inventor Lamarcus Thompson opened the largest amusement park in the United States on Coney Island. The main goal of this park was to attract the attention of people who were interested only in such "sins" as visiting saloons and brothels. He invited guests to enjoy the picturesque scenery (such as the Alps) while riding in a small van. This is how one of the most popular ways to get an adrenaline rush begins.