96 years ago, July 13, 1923 on the slope of mount Lee over the Californian hills appeared the inscription Hollywood. It was originally written as Hollywoodland and had no relation to the movie. Read more about this and other fun facts about Hollywood and all that it involves, read on.
We will focus on the country where you will not find on any map of the world. Hollywood — the dream factory, which had a maximum influence on the culture of humanity over the last hundred-odd years. The most famous district of Los Angeles where there are a large number of film studios, and, of course, here live the most famous movie actors. It's a wonderful world with its history and interesting mysteries, about a dozen of which we'll share with you in this issue.
1. Famous today throughout the world huge white letters appeared on the southern slope of mount Lee July 13, 1923. But at the time the inscription read HOLLYWOODLAND and was not commemorative, but a regular is new homes in one of the neighborhoods of Los Angeles. The height of each letter was 9 m and a width of 15 m.
Initially it was planned that the advertising sign will stand about one and a half years, and then will be dismantled. But this time the inscription managed to gain such fame that she decided to leave. In 1949, the inscription was restored and removed the word LAND. By 1978, the inscription came in so deplorable a condition that it is completely replaced, and now the height of each letter is 14 m and the length of the whole inscription is 110 m.
2. In 1932 British actress peg Entwisle committed suicide by jumping from the letter "H". The day before peg found out about what her next role was greatly reduced. At that time the country was ravaged by the Great depression, and this news for the actress meant an almost complete poverty.
3. During the Second world war, not to waste precious metal, figurines "Oscar" made of plaster. After the war the Oscars again began to make the alloy called Britain and to cover with gold.
4. In 1978 eventually resulted in the famous inscription in a very miserable condition. Now, instead of "HOLLYWOOD" she looked like a "HuLLYWO D". The inscription was solved how it should be restored, and founder of the magazine "Playboy" Hugh Hefner organized an auction of letters. As a result, each letter got its own sponsor.
5. The first eight stars on the "walk of fame" appeared simultaneously on 8 February 1960. One — star Joanne Woodward — many people think very first of all.
6. Logo inside each star symbolize the category in which it was presented. There are five of them: contributing to the development of the film industry (emblem — camera), contribution to the development of television (TV), a contribution to the development of sound recording and music (ancient phonograph), contribution to the development of radio (wireless microphone), contribution to the development of the theatre (masks Comedy tragedy).
On the "walk of fame" and two special "stars" that are made in the form of the moon. One of them was marked by the flight of "Apollo 11" on the moon, and the other established in honor of the moon landing.
Stars on the "walk of fame" received not only people but cartoon characters, such as Mickey mouse.
7. Gene Autry is the owner kind of record on his star involves all five emblems. The fact is that this singer was very popular on radio, in film and television for three decades, starting in the 30's.
8. November 9, 2001 in Los Angeles opened the famous Dolby theatre, which is also known as "Kodak". This theatre became a regular venue for the ceremony of awarding the prize "Oscar". The auditorium holds nearly 3,400 people, and his scene is one of the largest in the United States.
9. In the heart of Hollywood the movie can be seen not only in cinemas. His show on giant screens, special displays and even in cemeteries. So, since 2002, the summer film festival Cinespia nights films are shown in the "star" cemetery Hollywood Forever Cemetery. The image is projected directly on the wall of the mausoleum of Rudolph Valentino, one of the most famous actors of the silent film era.
10. The author of the term "Hollywood smile" is the dentist Charles Pincus. In the 30-ies of the last century, he invented the so-called veneers — special plates which are placed on the teeth to improve their appearance and also for protection.
While porcelain veneers are attached to teeth with a special adhesive powder and was able to stay very long. But among the actors, the invention was so popular that Pincus was nicknamed "star dentist". He did a dazzling smile of such celebrities as Judy garland, Shirley temple, Elizabeth Taylor, Barbara Stanwyck, Fred Astaire and others.